What are the main symptoms and risk factors of pancreatic cancer?

 One of the most deadly types of cancer is pancreatic cancer. Around 3% of all cancers and 7.2% of all cancer deaths in the US are caused by it. Males have a slightly higher rate than females do.

pancreatic anatomy, Image by (https://www.cancer.gov/types/pancreatic/patient/pancreatic-treatment-pdq)

These symptoms can resemble those that develop as a result of various health problems in both males and females. People who are at risk for pancreatic cancer should be aware of the symptoms and get routine screenings. Early detection indicates that therapy may be possible.

Pancreatic cancer signs and symptoms

Males and females commonly have the same pancreatic cancer symptoms.

Loss of weight

Weight loss that is unexplained may indicate pancreatic cancer. It's possible that this is due to an appetite decrease. Additionally, nausea and vomiting may be to blame for this. This may happen if cancer presses against the opposite side of your stomach.

Back or abdominal Pain

Symptoms of pancreatic cancer can include back or abdominal pain. Cancers that begin in the pancreas' body or tail have the potential to become quite large, start to strain adjacent organs, and eventually cause pain. The nerves around the pancreas may also become infected by the malignancy, which frequently results in back pain. Back and abdominal pain is pretty typical, and conditions other than pancreatic cancer are typically to blame.

Vomiting and nausea

Food may have a difficult time passing through the stomach if cancer presses on the far end of it. This may result in a feeling of sickness, vomiting, and pain that gets worse after eating.


Jaundice causes the skin and eyes to turn yellow, as well as itchy skin, black urine, and light- or greasy-colored feces. It's more frequently brought on by illnesses like hepatitis or gallstones.
It is usually always experienced by pancreatic cancer patients and is typically one of the earliest signs of the disease.


When pancreatic cancer is detected early, it is typically because a medical imaging scan for a different disorder or another suspected diagnosis, such as diabetes, detected it.

Sudden,  the weight-gain-unrelated onset of diabetes or late-onset diabetes with no apparent reason may both be brought on by pancreatic cancer. Levels of blood sugar may increase if the cells that produce insulin are destroyed by pancreatic cancer. A patient with a new and suspected diabetes diagnosis should be examined to rule out pancreatic cancer, even though cancer is most likely not the cause.

Increasing the size of the gallbladder or liver

Gallbladder growth is possible when a blockage in the bile duct causes a tumor. If this is the case, a simple inspection by the doctor can reveal the swelling (a noticeable bump under the right rib cage). In any case, imaging procedures like a computed tomography (CT) scan or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may reveal these tumors.

Additionally, the liver may enlarge, especially if cancer has spread there. Imaging technology can also be used to find this.

Pancreatic cancer risk factors

Age, genetics, lifestyle, and environmental characteristics all affect the probability of developing cancer. A risk factor is something that can make you more likely to develop a disease. 
There are some factors that could make pancreatic cancer more likely to happen to you.

Increasing age

In older persons, pancreatic cancer is more prevalent. Ages 75 and older account for about half of all new cases that are diagnosed. In people under the age of 40, pancreatic cancer is rare.


Particularly type 2 diabetes, which is related to obesity. A symptom of pancreatic cancer could be the new incidence of diabetes in an older person with a normal weight or body mass index.


Pancreatic cancer affects men more frequently than women (see). 

Genetic background.

The chance of developing other cancers may be increased by a family history of the disease or by genetic abnormalities associated with pancreatic cancer. It's advised to keep note of your family's history of medical issues. This should cover your parents' and grandparents' siblings as well as living members of your family.


One of the biggest risk factors for pancreatic cancer is smoking. Smokers have an approximate double increased chance of developing pancreatic cancer compared to non-smokers. Smoking cigarettes is estimated to be the root cause of about 25% of pancreatic cancers. The danger is also increased by using smokeless tobacco products and cigars.

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post